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2019 Affordable Care Act (ACA) Law Alert

January 14th, 2019

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2019 Affordable Care Act (ACA) Law Alert

Insurance Legislature

As we kick off 2019, it probably comes as no surprise that the debate over healthcare continues to rage on, but there have been recent developments that might affect both individual and employer-sponsored health coverage in the coming year.


The following update, courtesy of leading ERISA law firm, The Wagner Law Group, outlines the details and impact of a recent Texas federal district court ruling on constitutionality of the individual mandate, one of the most controversial elements of the Affordable Care Act (ACA.) As you’ll see, the decision does not affect rules and reporting for 2019, so no action needed, but it’s important to understand the importance of this ruling as our nation’s approach to healthcare continues to shift.


December 19, 2018


A Texas federal district court, in the Northern District of Texas, has ruled, in Children's Hospital Association of Texas v. Azar et. al., that the individual mandate provision contained in the is unconstitutional. Furthermore, the court ruled that the individual mandate was inseverable from the ACA and, therefore, the entire law is invalid.


Background. After the ACA's passage in 2010, several parties challenged the law's constitutionality on several levels, including the ability of Congress to regulate insurance under the Constitution's Commerce Clause. In 2012, the Supreme Court concluded that the individual mandate, which requires almost all Americans to have health insurance or pay a tax, was within Congress's taxing powers and therefore within its constitutional power.

In 2017, Congress passed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, which reduced to zero the tax penalty associated with the individual mandate. Earlier this year, 18 state attorneys general, two governors and two individual plaintiffs filed a lawsuit asserting that Congress's elimination of the ACA's individual mandate tax penalty rendered the individual mandate unconstitutional because it could no longer be viewed as an exercise of Congress's taxing power. The plaintiffs next asserted that the remainder of the ACA's provisions are also invalid because they cannot exist without the individual mandate.

Court Ruling. The federal district court ruled in favor of the plaintiffs, finding the individual mandate unconstitutional because the constitutional source for Congress's enactment of the ACA (i.e., its taxing powers) no longer existed because the individual mandate tax penalty was eliminated. 

The court next determined that the mandate was inseverable from the rest of the ACA and that the remainder of the law's provisions could not exist without it. Accordingly, the court concluded that the entire ACA was invalid. In reaching this determination, the court rejected the defendants' argument that Congress effectively repealed the mandate and chose not to repeal any other provisions, thereby making the choice to leave the rest of the ACA in place without the mandate. 

Impact of Decision. The case will now proceed through various levels of appeal, which will likely postpone any tangible impact for the immediate future. Moreover, the Trump administration has stated that the court's decision on the matter would not affect coverage for 2019. 

The court's ruling covers the entire ACA, including provisions usually considered unrelated to the law's individual mandate. For example, the ACA contains provisions related to the large employer mandate, provider quality improvement programs, delivery system reforms, Medicaid expansion and various other provisions affecting major segments of the health care industry, all of which would be struck down by the court's ruling. 

Employer Takeaway. The Administration has stated that the ACA will remain the law of the land while the case works its way through the appellate process. As a result, ACA reporting for 2018 will continue on schedule. Therefore, employers must be prepared to furnish the required statements to employees by March 4, 2019, and provide the IRS with Forms 1094-C and 1095-C electronically by April 1, 2019.


As you can see, the court’s ruling does not directly affect the ACA in 2019 but, with the administration and the healthcare discussion in a constant state of flux, you should make it a priority to stay on top of the debate and know your options. If you have questions about your current healthcare plan, or if you’re interested in learning how self-insuring can offer major savings and peace of mind no mater what happens in Washington, please feel free to reach out!


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Best wishes for a happy and healthy 2019 from CGS Health!